Cooking Techniques

Knead

The process by which dough is combined, made smoother and more elastic. Ingredients and air are also incorporated during the process.

Dough is usually kneaded by hand on a board by gently pressing, folding and turning until the desired consistency is achieved. This can also be done by machine as with a food processor or mixer fitted with a dough-hook. Kneading allows proteins called gluten found in flour to expand. This makes it possible for the dough to trap gas bubbles formed by a leavening agents allowing it to rise.

Depending how the dough will be used, the kneading time can be anywhere from 5 to 15 minutes.